The LKAB iron ore mine in Kiruna, in northern Sweden, lies on Laeva Sami land, where reindeer are still grazing. Credit: Niila Inga
Extractive industries affect Indigenous peoples in Sweden and Australia, and Indigenous group’s perspectives are often ignored or trivialised, according to a PhD thesis from Umeå University in Sweden. Kristina Sehlin MacNeil has collaborated with Indigenous organisations in developing concepts that include Indigenous peoples’ perspectives on conflicts and power relations.
The PhD study compares situations for Laevas čearru, a Sami reindeer herding community in northern Sweden and Adnyamathanha Traditional Owners, an Indigenous people in South Australia. Both groups identify various forms of violence caused by extractive activities on their lands as threats to their societies, livelihoods and cultures. Furthermore, the results show that in order to address violence against Indigenous peoples and improve processes of conflict transformation, Indigenous and decolonising perspectives should be heard and taken into account.